Castell, William Martin, Chief exec, Nycomed Amersham plc. Order of St Michael and St George Commander (CMG) Cragg, Anthony John, Former Assistant Sec Gen, Defence Planning and Operations, Nato. Duffield, Mrs Vivien Louise, CBE, For serv the arts. Kilpatrick, Mrs Judith Ann Gladys, Headteach, City of Portsmouth Girls School, Portsmouth. Peters, Miss Mary Elizabeth, CBE, For serv sport and to the commty in Northern Ireland. Bodiwala, Gautam Govindlal, Consultant, Leicester R Infirmary. Brackenbury, Frederick Edwin John Gedge, chm, Business in Sport and Leisure. Bradford, Mrs Jane Mary, For serv busnss in the East Midlands. Thornton, Prof Janet, FRS, For serv structural biology.
Davies, Howard John, chm, Financial Services Authority. Thompson, Mrs Janet, Chief exec, Forensic Science Service, Home Off. Keegan, Miss Geraldine Mary Marcella, OBE, For serv secondary educ.
As of 2015, over 1.7 billion or about 23% of the world population are Muslims Muslim history involves the history of the Islamic faith as a religion and as a social institution.
The history of Islam began in Arabia when the Islamic prophet Muhammad received the first revelation of the Quran in the 7th century in the cave of Hira in the month of Ramadan.
In the modern era, most of the Muslim world came under influence or colonial domination of European powers.
The nation states that emerged in the post-colonial era have adopted a variety of political and economic models, and they have been affected by secular and as well as religious trends.
Overnight in Grand Hotel (D) Day 02: Ashgabad- Darvaza Gas Crater Today we visit the National Museum of History & Ethnography of Turkmenistan.
In the afternoon drive to Darwaza Gas Crater, en-route we visit a Nomad village, Karakum desert, continue drive to Darwaza flaming gas crater or the ‘mouth of hell’.