"Having conducted research and written extensively over the course of the last thirty years, I think I have developed a good eye for recognizing valuable research that is worthy of serious consideration when I see it. The fact that these sources are mainstream, highly respected, or even seminal does not, of course, make them right about the origins of the Christ story. But to dismiss it or get apoplectic about her thesis simply because it shocks you is plainly foolish." Destined to be a classic enjoyed by both the professional scholar and the layperson, this comparative religion book contains a startling perspective of the extraordinary history of the Egyptian religion and its profound influence upon the later Christian faith. Drawing from thousands of ancient Egyptian texts in an assortment of translations along with the original language, as well as modern research in a number of other languages, controversial independent scholar of comparative religion and mythology D. Murdock puts together an astonishing amount of fascinating information that shows many of our most cherished religious beliefs and concepts did not appear suddenly out of the blue but have long histories in numerous cultures found around the globe, including and especially in the glorious Land of the Pharaohs. We are in agreement on the thoroughly syncretic character of primitive Christianity, evolving from earlier mythemes and rituals, especially those of Egypt.However, it does make them, and Murdock's thesis in which she incorporates their work, impossible to dismiss out of hand. It is almost as important in Christ in Egypt to argue for an astro-religious origin for the mythemes, and there, too, I agree with the learned author.... I find it undeniable that...many, many of the epic heroes and ancient patriarchs and matriarchs of the Old Testament were personified stars, planets, and constellations..." "..Egyptian influence to have become integral to Israelite religion even from pre-biblical times is only natural given the fact that from 3000 BCE Egypt ruled Canaan.This is important, because all artefacts in Egypt are tied directly or indirectly to material that is dated by royal association.
This divides ancient Egyptian history into roughly ten divisions:- The early Dynastic period: Dynasty 00 to dynasty 2- The Old Kingdom: Dynasty 3 to Dynasty 7- First Intermediate Period: Dynasty 8 to Dynasty 11 (part 1)- Middle Kingdom: Dynasty 11 (part 2) to early Dynasty 13- Second Intermediate Period: Dynasty 13 to Dynasty 17- New Kingdom: Dynasty 18 to 20- Third Intermediate Period: Dynasty 21 to the 24th Dynasty- Late Period: Dynasty 25 to 31- Macedonians- Ptolemies- Roman Period Egyptian archaeology during the Dynastic Period has always been tied to the King list."[Horus] is pictured as spanning the dome of heaven, his arms stretched out in a cruciform pattern." "As such, he seems to represent the common Platonic astronomical symbol of the sun's path crossing the earth's ecliptic....Acharya S ventures that 'the creators of the Christ myth did not simply take an already formed story, scratch out the name Osiris or Horus, and replace it with Jesus' (p. But I am pretty much ready to go the whole way and suggest that Jesus is simply Osiris going under a new name, Jesus, 'Savior,' hitherto an epithet, but made into a name on Jewish soil.... Eusebius and others already pegged the Therapeutae (Essene-like Jewish monks in Egypt) as early Christians, even Philo the Jewish Middle Platonist of Alexandria) as a Christian! It seems hard to deny that even Christians as 'late' as the New Testament writers were directly dependent upon Jewish thinkers in Egypt, just like the Gnostic Christian writers after them. Murdock: 'we assert that Christianity constitutes Gnosticism historicized and Judaized, likewise representing a synthesis of Egyptian, Jewish and Greek religion and mythology, among others [including Buddhism, via King Asoka’s missionaries] from around the "known world"' (p. 'Christianity is largely the product of Egyptian religion being Judaized and historicized' (p. the story of the heavens and of the seasons; the story containing motifs outlining humankind's year by year struggle to survive and progress; the story of birth, life, death, and resurrection....And if the common Christian believer saw no difference between Jesus and Horus in Egypt... 482)." Uses thousands of primary source texts such as the Egyptian Book of the Dead, the Pyramid Texts, the Coffin Texts, the Hebrew and Greek Old Testaments, the Greek New Testament, Coptic texts and the writings of the early Church fathers The citations include cross-references for a variety of translations of Egyptian texts, from the earliest in English to the most modern, including the translations of Raymond O. Allen, as well as Thomas George Allen, Samuel Mercer, E. "Humanity has forgotten the stories it once told itself.But Acharya's meticulous research and 'joining up of the dots' found in is very well written with Acharya's lovely style that I've come to appreciate. Certain topics require a very indepth analysis, which is performed wonderfully throughout the book.Such a reduction would serve to line up the historical and archaeological records of Egypt and the Old Testament.